A speech pathologist is an expert on how the mouth and throat work and can help children with speech and language problems. Children struggling with this often have problems with reading, writing, and communicating with others. These issues can be addressed with the help of a speech pathologist and can help kids develop communication skills that they will benefit from their entire lives.
Improves reading, writing, and communication skills
Reading, writing, and communication skills are important for a speech pathologist Adelaide to help children learn. The skills are based on language, including oral language, letter-sound knowledge, comprehension, and automatic reading. Children may have difficulties in each category, including phonological, receptive, and expressive language. Depending on the particular type of disorder, an appropriate treatment plan can be developed to help improve the child's skills.
Several studies have examined the effectiveness of different intervention types for children with difficulty with reading. Some studies focused on improving single-word reading, while others were more comprehensive and targeted higher-level text comprehension skills. A comprehensive program involving a combined approach positively affected overall text comprehension.
In the combined programme, children were given training in phonological awareness and a range of emergent skills. Activities from the Orton-Gillingham (OL) and the Teach Children to Read (TC) programmes were integrated into the program. These activities were delivered by skilled teachers twice a week for 20 weeks. After the intervention, the children significantly improved their reading and non-word comprehension. However, the benefits of the spelling component were less.
Other intervention studies have focused on enhancing receptive vocabulary and making inferences. However, these skills are not generally taught in the combined programme. It is because receptive vocabulary is primarily language-based rather than text-based.
Improves body language and facial expressions
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Helps overcome barriers to communication
A speech pathologist can help you overcome a communication challenge or two. Communication challenges can include problems with reading, writing, comprehension and speaking. Speech pathologists are experts in communicating effectively with patients of all ages. They may even assist with alternative communication systems for those who cannot speak. Some of their other skills include assisting children with feeding.
In the same vein as a speech pathologist, other communication experts also deserve mention. These experts include clinical psychologists, translators and other professionals. While many communication specialists exist, most hospitals fail to capitalize on their contributions. In making matters worse, the barriers to effective communication are often overlooked, resulting in many adverse events.
One of the simplest ways to improve patient communication is to equip staff with tools. For example, Boulder Community Hospital has developed a multi-faceted communications tool kit. The kit includes tools for language, cognition, vision and hearing. Similarly, Madonna speech and language services offer augmentative communication systems for those with progressive neurological and language comprehension disorders.
Aside from the aforementioned communication tool kit, there are numerous other methods of boosting staff communication skills. For instance, nurses can increase referrals to speech pathologists using the right incentives and training techniques. Likewise, an augmented reality system can allow staff to monitor patient progress with minimal effort. There are also several new communication technologies being implemented in hospitals worldwide.
Strengthens muscles of the mouth for eating, drinking, and swallowing
Swallowing is a complex process requiring many nerves and muscles to work in unison. Muscle weakness in the swallowing area can make the process more difficult. If you have trouble swallowing, your doctor may suggest a tongue-strengthening exercise. You can also strengthen your mouth and throat muscles at home.
The mouth and throat muscles are connected to the brain through cranial nerves. These nerves help coordinate the chewing, suckling, and swallowing processes. They are also involved in preparing food for the oesophagus.
Swallowing exercises can improve your ability to do these tasks. You can do them at home or in a hospital setting, and your healthcare team can create a series of exercises designed to target your swallowing problem.
The Adam's apple exercise is a good example of an oral motor exercise. It involves the swallowing of a bolus of food. This food travels from the mouth through the esophagus and is sucked back into the upper pharynx. While this is a simple exercise, it can be difficult for people who suffer from a neurologic disorder or other conditions.
Another exercise is the dry swallowing exercise. This exercise is best done when you are free of distractions. It would be best if you tried to perform this exercise at least three times per day. Make sure you hold a deep breath throughout the exercise.
Other oral motor exercises include blowing, opening and closing the jaw, and stimulating different mouthparts. Those exercises should be performed in a consistent order.